Chemical Immobilization of Animals


Detailed Program 




Registration Forms








This program consists of 12 hours of multi-media lecture presentations and a 4 hour "hands-on" workshop.


Dr. Keith Amass
, Safe-Capture International, Inc
Dr. Mark Drew, Safe-Capture International, Inc; Idaho Department of Fish & Game


  • Philosophy and General Considerations Prior to the Use of Chemical Immobilization as a Capture technique: Purpose and application; standard operating procedures; proper injection sites.

  • Animal Behavior: Flight reaction; flight distance.

  • Techniques to Minimize Capture Stress and Mortality in Animals: Definition of stress; stress response; prevention of stress.

  • Remote Delivery Equipment and Technology: Long and short range projectors, blowguns, pole syringes, hand injection: What equipment is available? How does it function? How well does it hold up to field use; Choosing the system to best fit your needs; Advantages and disadvantages of the various commercially available systems, How to get the most utility out of the projector you already own: Equipment Design and Mechanics: Hand syringes; pole syringes; blowguns; darts: homemade darting systems; overview of commercially available systems; remote delivery equipment: design and mechanics; overview of commercially available systems utilizing carbon dioxide, compressed air, 22 blank powered charges (including Pneu-dart, Telinject, Daninject, Paxarms, Distinject, Palmer (Cap-chur); ballistics and range; techniques to ensure consistent accuracy and atraumatic dart delivery; terminal impact and the importance of minimizing tissue damage on injection; effects of wind on dart; radio transmitter darts, practice and equipment maintenance

  • Capture Pharmacology: Classification of drugs; the "ideal" immobilizing agent; neuromuscular blocking agents: mechanism of action; hazards associated with their use; central nervous system agents (CNS): mechanism of action; benefits; opioids, alpha-2 agonists, cyclohexamines, long and short acting neuroleptics; drug combinations; pharmacology for captive, semi- and free-ranging wildlife applications; animal control; laboratory research, and zoological medicine.

  • Dosage Calculation: Estimation of weight; dosage recommendation; drug concentrations.

  • Drug and Dosage Recommendations: Learn the Safest, Most Current Drug and Dosage Recommendations for the Species You Work With: Our programs are tailored to cover the species of interest by those in attendance including Domestic Animals: Dogs, cats cattle, horses, small ruminants; Deer: White-tailed: black-tailed, elk, caribou, moose, fallow, axis, sika, mule; Large Carnivores: Bear, wolves, mountain lion, exotic cats, fox, coyote; Exotic Hoofstock: bison, african bovids, antelope, equids; Avian: Urban ducks and geese, rheas, emu, ostrich, raptors; Non-human Primates; Reptiles; Urban Wildlife: Raccoon, skunks, woodchucks, opossum, squirrels.

  • Drug Delivery Techniques: Approach on land; the importance of observing induction periods; how to handle and redose animals not immobilized on the initial injection.

  • Post Immobilization Procedures and Techniques of Anesthetic Monitoring: How to ensure your patient remains physiologically stable under anesthesia: Ensuring the correct level of immobilization for an approach which affords operator safety and minimizes stress to the animal; handling the immobilized animal; proper species specific positioning; vital signs and how to monitor them; proper techniques of dart removal; dart wound care, the use of antibiotics and tetanus prophylaxis, reversal agents; release and recovery. Procedural checklists and patient care monitoring protocols provided!!

  • How to Recognize, Prevent, and Treat Immobilization Related Medical Emergencies: Clinical Signs, Supportive Field Procedures and Preventive Measures: Respiratory distress/arrest; circulatory failure/shock; disturbances of thermoregulation: hyperthermia, hypothermia; bloat; capture myopathy; physical injury, seizures; pneumonia, mortality of uncared young; cardiac arrest; veterinary assistance; post-mortem examination; emergency kits.

  • Personnel and Public Safety: Developing Human Safety Protocols for Accidental Exposure to Anesthetic or Immobilizing Medications: what to expect with accidental human exposure to anesthetic medications, recommended protective safety equipment and techniques to minimize and prevent accidental human exposure, firearms safety; equipment safety; field emergency kits; security; public safety precautions.

  • Record Keeping: Report forms, checklists, drug logs, drug labeling recommendations, the latest on AMDUCA (Animal Medicinal Drug Use Clarification Act), and DEA regulations. Legal Considerations: Responsibilities, liabilities with the use of immobilizing drugs.



The Program is taught on a broad base, providing a good overview of the technique suitable for all experience levels--whether performing or assisting in the procedure.
Our audience includes Wildlife Biologists, Zoological Curators and Care Staff, Veterinarians and Technicians, Animal Control and Humane Officers, Research and Lab Animal Specialists, Law Enforcement personnel, Nuisance Wildlife Control personnel, Wildlife Rehabilitators, and persons involved in Ranching, Exhibiting, or Handling Deer, Elk, Exotic Carnivores, and other Exotic Species. Certificates are awarded upon completion of the program. This program has been Approved for VETERINARY CONTINUING EDUCATION

MATERIALS PROVIDED: All attendees receive a 175-page training manual covering all program presentations.

Register by Phone (608-767-3071), by using our Online Registration, or by Fax (608-767-3072)

REGISTRATION FEE: Early Registration: $495, General Registration: $545, Student Registration: $295 (undergraduate students, graduate students, residents, and interns, certified veterinary technicians)

 For further information, please contact:

Safe-Capture International, Inc.
P.O. Box 206, Mt. Horeb, WI 53572 USA
(608) 767-3071, FAX: (608) 767-3072
Web Site:




Copyright 2002 - 2010 Safe-Capture International, Inc.  All Rights Reserved